facts about gorillas

And, although they’re not hunters, gorillas sometimes eat small animals and insects. Amongst various other differences, monkeys have tails while apes do not. They inhabit Cameroon, Nigeria, the Central African Republic, the Republic of Congo, the Democratic Republic of Congo, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, and Angola. Eastern Lowland (Gorilla beringei graueri) and Mountain (Gorilla beringei beringei) are the two eastern subspecies. We hope that their concerted efforts (and past successes) to protect gorillas will pave the way for primate conservation on the whole. The gorilla is mostly restricted to countries in central Sub-Saharan Africa, but the various subspecies live in different elevations. 41) Gorillas also struggle with infectious diseases. They usually walk on the knuckles of their hands, which is appropriately referred to as “knuckle walking.” Though they are capable of walking on two legs, they can only do so for short distances, up to about 10 feet. That’s an awful lot of salad! And, like other primates, a mother usually gives birth to just one live baby. 50) Gorilla Conservation Coffee was founded by Dr. Gladys Kalema-Zikusoka, the first Wildlife Veterinary Officer of the Uganda Wildlife Authority and a recent winner of the Sierra Club’s EarthCare Award. The gorilla diet is mainly vegetarian, which includes fruit, bamboo shoots and plant stems. They even have impressive language skills! In 2016 gorillas were dominating headlines again, but for all the wrong reasons. However, like all gorillas, they are generally very peaceful creatures. The largest of the primate species, gorillas rank amongst the most recognized and the most endangered species in the world. All other gorilla subspecies have dwindling populations. Nose prints, which are the wrinkles around gorillas’ noses, are specific to each individual just like fingerprints are to humans. READ MORE: The 20 Best Environmental Charities & Animal Charities. Gorilla Facts Overview In addition to being stocky, gorillas have broad chests and shoulders. 30) Unfortunately, human encroachment is pushing the Mountain Gorillas even higher up into the hills. 22) Gorillas are considered herbivores, because they primarily feed on a wide range of vegetation, including wild celery, bamboo, roots, and fruits. Please contact us at info@GreenTravelMedia.com for more info. A group of gorillas are called a troop or band. Smaller Western Gorillas weigh about 150-400-pound. The mountain gorillas are known to inhabit higher elevations up to 4,300 metres above sea level. A group of gorillas is called a troop. READ MORE: Mountain Gorilla Trekking in Rwanda. As a result of the conflict, an accurate census is no longer possible. The western gorilla is split into two different subspecies including the Cross River gorilla and the Western Lowland gorilla. 5) Though gorilla size varies by species, most adults measure somewhere between four and six feet tall when standing on their hind legs. The weight of a gorilla may range from 230 kgs to 270 kgs depending on the situation in which the animal has been kept. They will typically just make a lot of noise, beating chests, baring teeth, charging forward and waving sticks until one backs down. 1. We are open to discussing advertising, sponsorships, brand ambassadorships, freelance work, speaking/teaching engagements, and consulting opportunities. Young gorillas often make their nests in trees, and older gorillas make their nests on the ground.Gorillas usually don't need to drink water from lakes or streams. Fun facts about gorillas! Gorillas are herbivores and eat vegetation. 49) The Mbeli Bai Study monitors Western Lowland Gorillas that visit the Mbeli Bai, a 32-acre clearing in the forest of Nouabalé-Ndoki National Park in the Republic of Congo. Mountain gorillas are endangered - there are an estimated 1,063 in the wild according to the latest census results (which come out every 5-10 years). They are predominantly ground dwelling, and inhabit forests located in numerous countries in central Africa. Their primary population centers are in Maiko National Park and Kahuzi Biega National Park, as well as the forests adjacent to them. By two months they can crawl, and by eight or nine months they’re able to walk. 9) Gorilla families are usually small groups of around ten or so individual members, though they can be as little as just two adults or as large as 50 animals. READ MORE: 40 Green Travel Tips (Ultimate Guide to Sustainable Travel). This is when they rely on their knuckles (or other parts of their hands) to walk and shift location. Gorillas can mate any time of the year. Despite often being referred to as monkeys, they are not. Twins are rare, but do happen occasionally. READ MORE: Are GMO Crops the Future of Food? Gorillas can live generally between 35 and 40 years in the wild. African apes (gorillas, chimpanzees and bonobos) diverged from a common ancestor about 5 million years ago and belong to the family Hominidae. The numbers for eastern lowland gorillas are under 5,000. Gorillas actually make beds out of leaves and twigs, and these are called nests. Midday is typically time for naps and grooming, but baby gorillas and young adolescents might play. This is largely due to ecotourism and the conservation efforts of the Dian Fossey Gorilla Fund. 36) Eastern Lowland Gorillas are also known as Grauer’s Gorilla. 11) The remainder of the troop will consist of numerous females, with which the silverback mates, and the young offspring produced by the silverback and these females. A ‘troop’ is a group of up to thirty gorillas, which often consistent of a dominate male gorilla, a handful of females and their immature offspring. 4. Interesting facts about gorillas - Betrachten Sie unserem Gewinner. This indicates just how broad and muscly gorillas are. Gorillas in zoos can live 40-50 years or more. Unsere Redakteure begrüßen Sie als Kunde hier bei uns. These are characterised with different features, sizes, strengths, physical appearance, diet, habitat among other characteristics. 23) An adult male gorilla can eat up to 40 pounds of vegetation a day, which is about 10% of its total body weight. READ MORE: Joan Embery On Why Zoos Are Good For Conservation. Those who are kept in zoos fair better and can live for 50 or more years. READ MORE: 10 Simple Wildlife Photography Tips. Adult male gorillas known as ‘silverbacks’, due to silver hair on their backs, are generally larger than their female counterparts, and can weigh between 136 to 195 kg (300 to 430 lb) and be as tall as 4 ft 7 in to 5 ft 11 in (1.4 to 1.8 m). The oldest known gorilla was a female that lived at Ohio’s Columbus Zoo & Aquarium. In fact, they are considered the largest primates in the world. The troop will not spend more than a day in the same place and it is believed that this is to allow food to replenish itself after the troop moves to another location. Females are slightly shorter. The eastern gorilla are the larger of the species and have darker and longer fur. 38) There is only one Eastern Lowland Gorilla currently living in captivity– a lone female living at the Antwerp Zoo in Belgium. They do this until they are two or three years old. 3) After chimpanzees and bonobos, gorillas are the closest primate to humans (or any animal, for that matter) in terms of their genetic make up. 47) The Wildlife Conservation Society monitors gorilla populations in seven different countries, works to prevent gorilla poaching, and provides education throughout local communities. There are estimates of fewer than 5,000 Eastern Lowland gorillas, and over 100,000 Western Lowland gorillas in existence. In fact, this is how a young gorilla will pick up many different actions and will act them out in play fights with other young gorillas. A newborn gorilla will weigh between three and four pounds. A blue whale’s tongue weighs as much as an adult elephant. 18) Western Lowland Gorillas are the most widely distributed subspecies. This enterprise helps farmers near Bwindi earn a fair price for their coffee and get training to grow it sustainably, with some proceeds going to gorilla conservation. If this trend continues, they may soon be forced to live at elevations where their fur is not warm enough to protect them from the cold. Though the two subspecies have similar body size, the Cross River Gorilla has a noticeably smaller palate and cranial vault, shorter skull, and shorter hands and feet. They are the largest living primates today. 6) Gorillas’ arms are longer than their legs, which makes it easier for them to walk on all fours. The 1988 film Gorillas in the Mist showcased the groundbreaking work of Dian Fossey, a highly controversial figure in the world of gorilla conservation. Gorillas have a black and hairless face with large nostrils and small eyes that are set closely together. All hosted affiliate links follow our editorial policies. Occasionally, to aid digestion, they’ll even eat soil and ash. 25) Amazingly, gorillas don’t often require sources of fresh water for hydration. Crocodiles can go through 4,000 teeth over the course of their 35-75 year lifespan. The Mountain gorilla is also severely endangered with an estimated 880 still alive today. The gestation period is roughly 8 and-a-half months. Mothers carry baby gorillas in their arms until they’re about four months old. Owned by Bret Love (a veteran journalist/photographer) and Mary Gabbett (business manager/videographer), USA Today named us one of the world's Top 5 Travel Blogging Couples. Luckily, with so many wildlife conservationists and ordinary people alike fascinated by gorillas, they have a real chance at survival. The average weight of a gorilla is between 300 and 400 pounds. The females arm span is somewhat less than that. They are great apes. Scientists believe it would take over 75 years to recover the lost population, even if all threats to gorillas were removed immediately. A chameleon’s tongue can be as long as its body. Gorillas primarily feed on a range of vegetation, including wild celery, shoots, roots, and fruits. These gentle giants have loomed large in the public consciousness for nearly a century, ever since a fictionalized version of the great ape, King Kong, began appearing in movies in 1933. After that, they begin to ride on their mothers’ back. 45) World Wildlife Fund helps to develop ecotourism initiatives by training local gorilla trackers and guides. The NGO is also trying to counter the Ebola virus in wildlife, working with local people in the Republic of Congo as well as at a laboratory in the country’s capital. Here’s 15 interesting facts about Silverback gorillas… Only the male gorillas can become a silverback. If you were to be chased by a gorilla, you better have wheels underneath you as they can reach speeds of over 20 miles per hour with a top speed clocked at 25 Mph. They are at home in everything from the steamy and swampy lowland tropical rainforests to notably chilly montane forests. We should each do all we can to keep them safe for generations to come. We were also featured in the 2017 National Geographic book, Ultimate Journeys for Two, for which we contributed a chapter on our adventures in Rwanda. Rules state that visitors must maintain a safe distance, but the gorillas don’t always follow the rules. We've been spotlighted in major media outlets such as the BBC, Chicago Tribune, Forbes, The Guardian, Lonely Planet, National Geographic, Travel Channel, Washington Post and others. Gorillas are third in line as the closest relatives to the human. This arm, chest, and back burliness comes from the fact that gorillas still use their upper bodies for moving around and supporting their massive weight. Unser Team hat unterschiedliche Marken analysiert und wir zeigen unseren Lesern hier die Ergebnisse des Tests. One female gorilla in a zoo in the United States lived to 60 years of age. 3. They get all of the moisture they need from their food and morning dew. READ MORE: Killing For Conservation: Can Hunting Save the Black Rhino? In fact, they are considered the largest primates in the world. They have constructed locally owned eco lodges in Rwanda (Sabyinyo Silverback Lodge) and Uganda (Clouds Mountain Gorilla Lodge), as well as helping Volcanoes National Park extend its domain. This allows a group of up to 8 people to spend an hour with a gorilla family in their native habitat. Gorillas have a lifespan between 35 and 40 years in the wild, in captivity their lifespan can extend beyond 50 years. They will even eat bark, small branches and tree pulp. Gorillas are part of the great ape family, which includes orangutans, bonobos and chimpanzees. Western lowland gorillas are the most common with a population of 360,000. As they are unable to swim naturally, gorillas will avoid rivers and large bodies of water. So here’s a look at 50 interesting facts about gorillas, including trivial tidbits about different types of gorillas, why gorillas are endangered, gorilla conservation efforts, and much more. It will stay with its mother until it is four to six years of age sharing her nest all the while. Click here to read more about Gorilla habitats. Like us, gorillas’ hands have opposable thumbs, and they can walk upright on two legs. 8) Gorillas in the wild typically live to be about 35 years old, sometimes up to 40. 2. Travelers pay anywhere from $600 (in Uganda) to $1500 (in Rwanda) for a gorilla trekking permit. Gorillas communicate in a variety of ways which also includes 25 different sounds, from belches, to screams, to warning calls, singing and chuckles. A 17-year-old silverback gorilla named Harambe was shot in the Cincinnati Zoo after a three-year-old boy fell into his enclosure. Green Global Travel is the world's #1 independently owned ecotourism website encouraging others to embrace sustainable travel, wildlife conservation, cultural preservation, and going green tips for more sustainable living. Chimpanzees take first place followed by bonobos. 26) The Cross River Gorilla (Gorilla gorilla diehli) is the least populated of the subspecies. Silverback males typically become the leader of a troop. 7) The gorilla’s strength is the stuff of legend, especially when it comes to the upper body. Gorilla weight also varies by species: The smaller Western Gorilla weighs 150 to 400 pounds, whereas the biggest gorillas (Eastern Lowland) can weigh up to 550 pounds in the wild. A baby gorilla will learn how to walk by the time it reaches six months of age and it will be able to follow its mother for short distances once it gets to 18 months of age. They also have large hands with forearms that are shorter than their upper arm. Fossey was not only a trailblazer in primatology and gorilla research, but she’s widely credited with habituating the Mountain Gorillas in Rwanda to human presence. The males become sexually mature at an even older age. Since then the gorilla’s habitat has shrunk from 8,000+ to 5,000 square miles, and they now occupy just 13% of their historical range. Though her life was taken in 1985, her Karisoke Research Center remains one of the preeminent centers for gorilla conservation, providing daily protection, scientific research, education, and community outreach. They can use simple tools and learn sign language. 1) Gorillas are primates, an order of mammals that also includes monkeys, apes, tarsiers, lemurs, and humans. 29) Despite being in a tropical part of the world, Mountain Gorilla habitat can have freezing temperatures due to the high altitude. READ MORE: Rwanda History at the Kigali Genocide Memorial. The scientific name for Eastern Gorillas is Gorilla berinngei, and the scientific name for Western Gorillas is Gorilla gorilla. 1) Gorillas are primates, an order of mammals that also includes monkeys, apes, tarsiers, lemurs, and humans. 32) Amazingly, both populations of Mountain Gorillas– the one in the Virunga Mountains and the one in Bwindi Impenetrable National Park– have gradually increased in the last two decades. 35) These gorillas have noticeably different traits than the other subspecies. There are only around 1,000 Mountain Gorillas left, but they were reclassified as endangered in 2018 because their population has increased by 50% since 2008. All of the various types of gorillas we’ve discussed here have a vital role to play in their respective habitats. In fact, the average gorilla is roughly six times stronger than the average human. No Natural Predators. READ MORE: Interview with Primatologist Jane Goodall. GGT founders Bret Love and Mary Gabbett describe their time in Rwanda’s Mountain Gorilla habitat as life-changing. These protectors decide when the troop gets up, eats, moves, and rests. 20) Cross River Gorillas, which are the rarest of the subspecies, only exist in a small region in Nigeria and Cameroon. Amazing Facts About the Gorilla. Yes. Nest building by gorillas is no longer looked upon by researchers as just being a fine example of animal architecture. World's largest independently owned Ecotourism / Green Travel / Sustainable Travel / Animal & Wildlife Conservation site. They share between 95% and 99% of our DNA! Western Gorillas live on the western side of the Congo River, while Eastern Gorillas inhabit the volcanic mountains on the eastern side. To help them survive the colder climates of the high mountain elevations (8,000-13,000 feet), they have longer, thicker hair than other subspecies. 4: 10 Facts about Gorillas – Most powerful primates in Africa An average male Gorilla gorilla beringei can weigh 180kg (that’s almost 30 stone), and measure 170cm (over 5’5”) tall. The females become sexually mature at around seven or eight, but do not usually begin breeding until a couple of years later. So, with interest in the species at an all-time high, perhaps it’s no surprise that the popularity of gorilla safaris has surged dramatically in recent years. They generally get adequate moisture from the food they eat and the morning dew on it. Average silverback gorilla weight is 300 to 400 pounds, but the biggest gorillas can grow to 500+ pounds. A 2014 study suggests that there are less than 250 mature Cross River Gorillas left in the wild, making them one of the world’s most critically endangered primates. 48) Gorilla Doctors is an NGO that provides medical care to Eastern Gorillas in Rwanda and the DRC, treating individual animals with serious illnesses and rescuing baby gorillas orphaned by poachers. Interview with Primatologist Jane Goodall, Rwanda History at the Kigali Genocide Memorial, Top 15 Inspirational Animals Rights Activists, Dian Fossey Gorilla Fund International CEO Tara Stoinski, International Gorilla Conservation Programme, The Dian Fossey Gorilla Fund International, Asian Animals: 10 Wildlife Conservation Programs. Grauer’s) Gorillas inhabit the eastern side of the Democratic Republic of Congo. There are four different types of gorillas that are categories into groups the western and the eastern gorillas. Losing these gentle giants would disrupt the ecosystem, not to mention depriving humanity of one of our biggest, strongest, and most spectacular primate family members. Gorillas in the wild live to be about 35 years old. However, there are times when a younger male will challenge a more mature one. WWF also works with TRAFFIC, the world’s largest trade monitoring network, to prevent the illegal trade of gorillas and gorilla bushmeat. Though there are signs of hope, gorillas are still losing habitat, falling prey to poaching, and fighting for survival. There are actually two distinct species of gorillas, the eastern gorilla and the western gorilla. Evidence of this comes from Koko, a gorilla that was born in captivity that was taught sign language and had a vocabulary of about one thousand signs by the age of 40. The NGO monitors locals gorilla populations and and tries to preserve gorilla habitat for all four subspecies. Gorillas are very intelligent, and often prove it with their ability to laugh, express sadness, and convey other emotions. 2) There are two gorilla species: Eastern and Western. Riding on Mom’s back is the safest place for the baby, even at this point in its life. Much of our cultural fascination with gorillas centers around just how human they can seem. The group also administers preventative healthcare, conducts post-mortem exams, and collects biological samples to further the study of gorillas. 14) Gorillas reach maturity between seven and 10 years old, at which time they leave the troop to search for a mate.

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