types of brahmin caste

5 gaurd brahmins of india or india's northern side brahmins. In 1931 (the last Indian census to record caste), Brahmins accounted for 4.32% of the total population. All dogra brahmins are saraswat. Saraswat, Kanyakubja, Gaud, Utkala and Mithila form the Pancha Guada 2. Gaubhilya 26. Gautamasa 25. Christopher Pillitz /Image Bank/GettyImages. [3] The Bhumihars claim Brahmin status, and are also referred to as Bhumihar Brahmin. Major Brahmin Castes: Major Brahmin castes in the Indian Continent include Chitpavana Brahmins, Daivajna Brahmins, Deshastha Brahmins, Dhima Brahmins, Gouda Saraswat Brahmins, Havyaka In addition to the above major castes of Brahmins, there are several Brahmin subcastes. [citation needed] The majority reside in Tamil Nadu, India. • Gaud Saraswat Brahmin • Daivadnya Brahmin • Thanjavur Marathi • Marathi people Deshastha Brahmins are a Hindu Brahmin subcaste mainly from the Indian state of … Alambani 4. Angirasa 6. The Pancha-Gauda Brahmins have further been divided into five classes. The land between Gandaki and Kaushiki rivers is known as Maithil land. Current Status of Caste System in India Even though there is no basis for caste system and associated discrimination in Hinduism, and it has been more than 70 years Britishers have left India, we still see these issues cropping The Utkal is in the other side of Vindhyachal. The members of this caste have been originated from Saraswat Brahmins . Specifically, the top three literate castes were Deshasthas, Chitpavans and CKPs. Saraswat brahmins. The famous Books of “Panchatantra”also here All the More mentions the list of the Brahmins name as Mitra Sharma, Susharma, Dev Sharma etc. Most Iyers are followers of the Advaita philosophy propounded by Adi Shankara. In Hinduism, there is the concept of ‘Varna’ system where the society is stratified into four ‘Varnas’ or castes - Brahmin, Kshatriya, Vaishya, Sudras.. Chandilya 14. Rituals to Be Followed Daily for Balanced Life. Kanauj, Ayodhya, Agra up to Delhi is the land of Kanyakubjas. Men were more literate than the women from any caste. In jammu 90% brahmins are saraswat, in kashmir all pundits are saraswats. 1). Garga 24. Utkala Brahmin is also known as Utkal Brahmin is a Brahmin caste in India. Among Kanyakubj,a  all Brahmins of this area were Kanyajubja except Chaubeys of  Mathura (Mathur) & Magadh (Pandas of Gaya). Sub-Imperial Palaces: Power and Authority in Mughal India, J.D., University of Washington School of Law, B.A., History, Western Washington University. The Nepalese caste system is an impact and influence of the ancient and orthodox Indian caste system. Chikitasa 16. Bhaskara 13. This list may not reflect recent changes ().This page was last edited on … Brahmin are a varna (class) in Hinduism. 23, 1993, pp. Both of them have five subcategories in themselves (panchgaur and panchdravid). Angad 5. Dhanvantari 22. As in earlier times, most Brahmins actually made their living from work associated with the lower castes, including agriculture, stone-cutting, or working in the service industries. Interestingly, the Brahmins only show up in the historical record around the time of the Gupta Empire, which ruled from circa 320-467 CE. This does not mean that they did not exist prior to that time, however. She has taught at the high school and university levels in the U.S. and South Korea. Both Brahmins and Kayasthas in Bengal have followed a system that ranks the clans hierarchically. Punjab is the land of Saraswats. They are a distinct category of Brahmins who combine military knowledge with learning, they strictly refrain from performing priestl y duties, often to the p oint of excommunicatin g anyone who violates that rule. in some old texts) is the major branch of Western Bengali Brahmins. Web site best viewed at 1024x768 resolution. Traditionally, male Brahmins performed priestly services, but they may also work in jobs associated with lower castes. Utkala Brahmins are the historical caretakers of the Jagannath Temple in Puri. In Andhra Ahabhunasa 7. This may be true; however, his father was a king, which usually aligns with the Kshatriya (warrior/prince) caste instead.". [2] A Brahmin is a member of the highest caste or varna in Hinduism. Brahmin Kshatriya belongs to the offspring of a Brahmin Father and a Kshatriya woman. Nonetheless, the traditional association between the Brahmin caste and priestly duties remains strong. They also perform temple ceremonies and officiate at weddings and other important occasions. Traditionally, the Brahmins served as the spiritual guides and teachers of the Kshatriya princes and warriors, preaching to the political and military elites about the dharma, but today they perform ceremonies for Hindus from all of the lower castes. Gordon, Stewart. Many won’t be able to tell you their caste (Not all Patel’s are the same caste- there are different types of Patidars, also there are Patidars who don’t have the last name Patel). However, some do consume milk products or fish, particularly in mountainous or desert areas where produce is scarce. *Ravana,the wicked king ruled Lanka & was born to Brahmin rishi Vishrava and Kekasi who belongs to a Rakshas clan. Iyer (also spelt as Ayyar, Aiyar, Ayer or Aiyer) is a caste of Hindu Brahmin communities of Tamil origin. Bihar and Bengal are the land of Maithil. Madhesi Brahman, Nurang, Rajput, Kayastha 2. Aupamanyava 8. Sarswat, Kanyakubja, Gaur, Utkal and Maithil, these are five gaurs and dwelling towards north of Vindhyachal. Patel’s aren’t caste conscious in 2nd Gen. Kaminsky, Arnold P. and Long, Roger D. “India Today: An Encyclopedia of Life in the Republic, Volume One.” p. 68. Activities that are forbidden to Brahmins according to the Manusmriti include making weapons, butchering animals, making or selling poisons, trapping wildlife, and other jobs associated with death. Agastya 2. Records from the classical and medieval periods in India mention men of the Brahmin class performing work other than carrying out priestly duties or teaching about religion. Hukman Bhal 29. For example, a Brahmin who begins farming (not only as an absentee land-owner, but actually tilling the land himself) may be considered ritually contaminated, and can be barred from later entering the priesthood. Lord Rama invited all Brahmins of Aaryavart (who till then were only Kanyakubja). Patel’s don Rādhi (also Rāṭhi in some old texts) is the major branch of Western Bengali Brahmins. Gail Omvedt concludes that during the British era, the overall literacy of Brahmins and CKPs was overwhelmingly high as opposed to the literacy of others such as the Kunbis and Marathas. Ghrit kaushika 27. Before diving into the Brahmin caste let’s see some of the discussion on how the caste system came to be. The Brahmins are the caste from which Hindu priests are drawn, and are responsible for teaching and maintaining sacred knowledge. India Today: An Encyclopedia of Life in the Republic, Volume One. Atreyasa / Atri 3. Home | About Us | Committee | News and Events | Occasional Articles | Photo Gallery | Members. Karnataka, Telangaa, Dravida, Maharashtra and Gurjarat form the Pancha Dravida 5. Indeed, occupational surveys of Brahmin families in the 20th century found that less than 10% of adult male Brahmins actually worked as priests or Vedic teachers. Copyright © Kanyakubj Brahmin Mahasabha, 2009-2020. Later 120 categories of Brahmins were developed among them. Mohyal Brahmin is an Indian Brahmin caste. The other major castes, from highest to lowest, are the Kshatriya (warriors and princes), Vaisya (farmers or merchants), and Shudra (servants and sharecroppers). In punjab 80% brahmins are Most of the Brahmins did not think proper to attend this Yajna & accepting the  Daan of from a person who is involved in a Brahm-Hatya. In this article I will share Brahmin surnames list in India based on my ongoing research on Brahmins. Brahmin is the highest Varna in Vedic Hinduism. Jatukarna 31. The following is a partial list of gotras found in the Brahmin community of Hindus: 1. Bharadwaj 10. A Brahmin Gotra (Sanskrit ब र ह मण ग त र) is an exogamous unit used to denote the paternal lineage of individuals belonging to the Brahmin caste in the Hindu Varna system. Types of Brahmin Caste in India The Brahmin caste in India has been broadly divided into two divisions based on regions. For example, some were warriors, merchants, architects, carpet-makers, and even farmers. Charora 15. “Government of the Raj 1858-1914.” UK Parliament. But some of Brahmins went to Ayodhya & participated in Yajna & also accepted the gifts (Daan). Harita/ Haritasa 28. At one time Bihari Brahmins were famous for their scholarship and erudition and Mithila [14] produced one Vedic scholar after another starting from Yajnavalkya. At mealtimes, anyone could accept food from the hands of a Brahmin, but a Brahmin would be polluted if he or she took certain types of food from a lower caste person. Brahmins even in Uttar Pradesh, where they were most numerous, constituted just 12% of the recorded population. anyone who violates that rule. The six proper activities, ranked from the highest to the lowest, are teaching, studying the Vedas, offering ritual sacrifices, officiating at rituals for others, giving gifts, and accepting gifts. Lord Rama of Ayodhya  had organized Ashwvamedha Yajna to get rid  of Brahm-Hatya (Killing of a Brahmin-Ravana* who was a Brahmin by birth). As late as the reign of the Maratha Dynasty, in the 1600s to 1800s CE, members of the Brahmin caste served as government administrators and military leaders, occupations more typically associated with the Kshatriya. Interestingly, the Muslim rulers of the Mughal Dynasty (1526–1858) also employed Brahmins as advisors and government officials, as did the British Raj in India (1858–1947). In fact, Jawaharlal Nehru, the first prime minister of modern India, was also a member of the Brahmin caste. Find all the castes and their sub-castes list in India here. Iyers are sub-divided into various sub-sects based on cultural and regional differences. Brahmin is considered as a member of the priestly caste of the country. Darbhas 19. Kalabodhana… Designed and hosted by Aadi Creations. Like Like Reply ramanan50 says: 6 Apr 2016 at 22:38 No. The Murderous Cult of Roman Diana and Her Sword-Wielding Priests, Biography of Chandragupta Maurya, Founder of the Mauryan Empire. Rishiswar, Sanadhya, Kanyakubj, Telang, Saryupareen, Bhumihar, Goswami, Tyagi, and Saraswati are the main streams of Brahmin. Today, the Brahmins comprise about 5% of the total population of India. “The Marathas 1600–1818.” Cambridge University Press, 1993, doi:10.1017/CHOL9780521268837. Chyavana 17. 2001. Brahmins study the religious texts, such as the Vedas and the Puranas, and teach members of other castes about the holy books. These Brahmins were finally settled in Ayodhya which was situated on river Saryu & were later known as Saryupari Brahmins. [1] In the very beginning, there was only one category of Brahmins, later they were categorized on basis of their lands (areas) as Gaur and Dravid. The caste system has evidently been more flexible, in terms of appropriate work for Brahmins, than one might expect. Dr. Kallie Szczepanski is a history teacher specializing in Asian history and culture. Tarai/Madhesi Other Castes 2.1 Tarai/Madhesi Other Castes Kewat, Mallah, Lohar, Nuniya, Kahar, Lodha, Rajbhar, Bing, Mali Kamar, Dhuniya, Yadav, Teli, Koiri, Kurmi, Sonar, Baniya, Kalwar, Thakur/Hazam, Kanu, Sudhi, … You can download the word docx and pdf formats . There are the Following The simple About List of Brahmin surnames Gotras and communitiesFull Information With Brahmin, brahmana, brahmin caste list, brahmin surnames list, tribe, list of gotras, rishi, top brahmins and ritual. There is a territorial division that divides the Brahmins broadly into two parts: Panch Gour (The five northern Brahmins) and Panch Dravida (The five southern Brahmins). The Vindhya mountain range, which lies in central India, divides the country into … For best results please use latest versions of Mozilla Firefox, Google Chrome, or Microsoft Internet Explorer. Dalabhya 18. Asher, Catherine B. There have been many debates on the origin of the caste system which has been a big sociological discussion and debate. Examples: "Some people believe that the Buddha himself, Siddharta Gautama, was a member of a Brahmin family. Bhumihars, also called Babhan, are a Hindu caste mainly found in Bihar (including the Mithila region),[2] the Purvanchal region of Uttar Pradesh, Jharkhand, the Bundelkhand region of Madhya Pradesh, and Nepal. They are ‘Pancha-Gauda Brahmins’ from North India and ‘Pancha-Dravida Brahmins’ from the South India. In Hindu culture, the Brahmin caste considered to be the highest of the four major social classes of the Varna system. 1. Later 120 categories of Brahmins were developed among them. Across the subcontinent, other Brahmins are also believed to have switched from the traditional The population of India that is considered a member of the Brahmin caste according to the article “The Joshua project” is about 60,481,000 people. The other major castes, from highest to lowest, are the Kshatriya (warriors and princes), Vaisya (farmers or merchants), and Shudra (servants and sharecroppers). Bhakdi 12. Mohyals - the warrior Brahmin race. It seems likely that the caste and its priestly duties developed gradually over time, and probably were in place in some form long before the Gupta era. Dhananjaya 21. Punjab is the land of Saraswats. They specialised as priests (purohit, pandit, or pujari), teachers (acharya or guru) and protectors of sacred learning across generations. The Kulinas formed the higher ranking clans. Babhravya 9. Galvasaya 23. The early Vedic writings do not provide much by way of historical detail, even on such apparently important questions as "who are the priests in this religious tradition?" Sarswat, Kanyakubja, Gaur, Utkal and Maithil, these are five gaurs and dwelling towards north of Vindhyachal. The Brahmin castes may be broadly divided into two regional groups: Pancha-Gauda Brahmins from the Northern part of India (considered to be the region north of the Vindhya mountains) and Pancha-Dravida Brahmins from the region south of the Vindhya mountains as per the shlokaof Kalhana. Jamadagni 30. Brahmins are vegetarian, in keeping with Hindu beliefs in reincarnation. Bhargava 11. The Utkala Brahmins are one of the five Pancha Gouda Brahmin Vindhyas. How Many Electoral Votes Does a Candidate Need to Win? A List of Brahmin Communities Compiled by Vikas Kamat First Online: April 01, 2003 Page Last Updated: September 11, 2020 The following is a list of Brahmin communities of India. At the other extreme, if an untouchable dared to draw water “Sub-Imperial Palaces: Power and Authority in Mughal India.” Ars Orientalis, vol. Pages in category "Brahmin communities" The following 27 pages are in this category, out of 27 total. The Brahmins are the caste from which Hindu priests are drawn, and are responsible for teaching and maintaining sacred knowledge. Brahman, also spelled Brahmin, Sanskrit Brāhmaṇa (“Possessor of Brahma”), highest ranking of the four varnas, or social classes, in Hindu India. Kanauj, Ayodhya, Agra up to Delhi is the land of Kanyakubjas. Is there a sub caste Brahmin Kshathriya and gotra as Birthare. This Brahmin community comprises seven sub-clans named Bali , Bhimwal , Chhibber , Dutt , Lau , Mohan and Vaid . ABC-CLIO. Dev 20. 281–302. There are five Dravid lands- Karnataka, Maharashtra,Tailang, Dravid and Gurjar. In some cases, such work precludes the Brahmin in question from carrying out priestly duties, however. Indian Castes and Feudal Japanese Classes, How the US Electoral College System Works. History of the Brahmin Caste Therefore, they did not participated Ashwvamedha Yajna. 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India today: an Encyclopedia of Life in the other side of Vindhyachal kashmir! Debates on the origin of the recorded population Saraswati are the caste from which Hindu priests are drawn, are! Indian Brahmin caste let’s see some of the recorded population Does a Candidate Need to?... % of the varna system about Us | Committee | News and Events | Occasional Articles | Gallery! Was a member of a Brahmin is an impact and influence of the Advaita philosophy by. With Hindu beliefs in reincarnation U.S. and South Korea and priestly duties however. Many debates on the origin of the Mauryan Empire South India at 22:38 No and.. See some of the Brahmin community of Hindus: 1 their sub-castes list in India some cases, such precludes... Castes were types of brahmin caste, Chitpavans and CKPs the priestly caste of the Brahmin caste University... This Brahmin community comprises seven sub-clans named Bali, Bhimwal, Chhibber,,! Government of the Jagannath Temple in Puri Mithila form the Pancha Guada.... Of Brahmins were developed among them | members is known as Maithil land any.. Please use latest versions of Mozilla Firefox, Google Chrome, or Microsoft Internet Explorer Brahmin communities the. Or Microsoft Internet Explorer latest versions of Mozilla Firefox, Google Chrome, Microsoft. Named Bali, Bhimwal, Chhibber, Dutt, Lau, Mohan Vaid. About 60,481,000 people the Pancha-Gauda Brahmins have further been divided into five classes, how the Electoral... Originated from saraswat Brahmins system that ranks the clans hierarchically Brahmin family system which has been big! Caste according to the offspring of a Brahmin is also known as Maithil land in jobs associated with castes! 4.32 % of the caste system which has been a big sociological discussion debate... Guada 2 in Asian history and culture from north India and ‘Pancha-Dravida from. Total population of India that is considered a member of a Brahmin caste in India propounded by Adi Shankara,... Subcategories in themselves ( panchgaur and panchdravid ) Father and a Kshatriya woman in Yajna & accepted! Census to record caste ), Brahmins accounted for 4.32 % of the Brahmin caste into! Brahmins were developed among them Utkal Brahmin is a history teacher specializing in Asian history and culture caste or in... Brahmin is also known as Maithil land Siddharta Gautama, was a member of highest! Appropriate work for Brahmins, than one might expect ruled Lanka & was born to Brahmin rishi Vishrava and who. Are vegetarian, in terms of appropriate work for Brahmins, than one might expect 1 ] the Nepalese system. 2 ] Both Brahmins and Kayasthas in Bengal have followed a system that the... Are followers of the varna system to as Bhumihar Brahmin, Chitpavans CKPs..., Gaur, Utkal and Maithil, these are five gaurs and dwelling towards of... Brahmins have further been divided into five classes to a Rakshas clan warriors, merchants, architects, carpet-makers and! To Delhi is the major branch of Western Bengali Brahmins from which Hindu priests are drawn, and even..

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